Concrete footing details information on foundations and deep foundations – To shoulder the considerable weight, a house needs a strong foundation. In ancient times stones were used to build foundations many of which remain today.
The foundation may be of any material; stone, brick, lumber, or concrete. The most preferred material used in modern construction is poured concrete.
A house foundation varies from region to region. However there are three common types, used all over the world.
Raised perimeter which are used to support the floor and walls.
Some foundations are built on flat concrete slab providing a base structure. Footer or footings are the bottom part of a foundation and distributes the weight to prevent future settling.
Shallow foundation: In today’s construction commerce the most widespread structural base is shallow foundation. Carrying components are broad edge slabs and degree beams. Any base that is 6 feet or less in deep soil is called shallow base.
Advantages of Shallow foundation:
- Affordable cost
- Simple procedure
- Concrete based
- No expert labor required.
- Chances of settling
- Not good for irregular surfaces like slopes and steeps
- It often gets subjected to pullout.
In this kind of base, load is transferred from a weak level of ground to the more firm one. It is also known as Pile base. Concrete is embedded to double-check that the base is deep enough or not.
With the help of stacks, weight is circulated and the risk of structural malfunctions or disintegrates decreases. In built-up localities, most of the structures are based on this foundation.
Advantages on concrete footing details:
- Localities having chances of seismic undertaking prefer the use of deep groundwork’s.
- It can easily support a sheer size building while shallow cannot.
- Deep foundation anchors the building to deep bedrock.
A traditional foundation method known as T-shaped foundation, is used in those areas where temperature is low and the ground freezes.
Some bases are built on a flat solid slab that assists as house structure groundwork. A concrete slab is poured on the ground the footer is thicker than the base wall and is placed below the frost line providing extra support at the base of the foundation.
Related Articles to Concrete Footing Details
Black & Decker The Complete Guide to Masonry & Stonework, with DVD: Poured Concrete Brick & Block, Natural Stone Stucco (Black & Decker Complete Guide). This book includes traditional techniques for laying concrete adapted to the special needs of ordinary homeowners, but also features cutting edge materials and techniques, such as tumbled concrete pavers, acid-etching for colored concrete slabs, and important green paving options, such as rain-garden arroyos and permeable pavers. Several cutting edge projects are included, such as polished concrete countertops and stamped concrete walkways.
Working with Concrete, by Rick , is a book about pouring concrete forms. If you’re a novice, you’ll learn a lot from this book.